Working Heritage (CD)

The Working Heritage project emerged as part of the Culture 2000 Programme supported by the European Union. The Research Centre for Industrial Heritage CTU Prague (VCPD) became involved in this project as a partner institution: Prof. Petr Urlich has taken part in project meetings held outside the Czech Republic; the VCPD contributed to the preparation of a CD-Rom containing presentations on individual national projects; and in September 2005 the Working Heritage exhibition was presented as part of the 3rd International Biennial – Vestiges of Industry 2005 in Prague.

The original Working Heritage exhibition focuses on a selection of five sites in England, France, Italy and Spain. The selected sites represent examples that are noteworthy for their positive contribution to the field in terms of the method of industrial heritage conservation that was used and from the perspective of the life of local communities. The exhibition thus provides an overview of a variety of approaches to the conservation and treatment of industrial heritage, a heritage particularly unique in character. The selected examples include: the Jewellery Quarter in Birmingham, various industrial enterprises in Terni, and the formal textile plants in Roubaix and Schio and La Colonia Güell. The VCPD, which as part of the Working Heritage project presented itself on an accompanying CD-Rom, contributed panels on six Prague projects at the exhibition – the conversion of the Herget brickworks, the Sova Mills and other examples from the neighbourhoods of Karlín and Holešovice. The CD-Rom is available for viewing at the VCPD. This project helped the development of ties between the VCPD and contacts outside the Czech Republic and to the presentation of Czech industrial architecture at the international level.

 

Project Organisers:

English Heritage (England)
Direction de l’architecture et du patrimoine, Ministere de la culture et de la communication (France)
Direcció General del Patrimoni cultural, Departament de Cultura, Generalitat de Catalunya (Spain)
City of Roubaix (France)
Cities of Schio and Terni (Italy)

 

Project Partners:
City of Birmingham (England)
City of Santa se Coloma de Cervelló (Spain)
Universita de Padova, Instituto per la Cultura d’Impresa „F. Momigliano“, Terni (Italy)
TICCIH
CILAC
L’AIPAI (Italy)
VCPD ČVUT in Prague

Technology and Industry in Prague (CD)

This project is a model example of how to take the results of the research on technical and industrial buildings and sites conducted as part of the main activities of the Research Centre for Industrial Heritage at the Czech Technical University in Prague (VCPD) with the involvement of doctoral students, and to make use of these results for pedagogical purposes.

The history of technology and industry in Prague is presented using the examples of buildings and sites that have survived to date and others that have not. Information is provided under entry headings that describe the buildings, and searches can be made according to the criteria of location, type of building or site, or name. Altogether 350 entries for buildings have been prepared, along with 85 profiles of important figures or firms, 22 entries on the urban development of the administrative districts in the greater Prague area, brief outlines on the development of individual fields of industry, and a chronology of important dates of relevance.

The data entered into the central registry of industrial heritage at CTU is integrated and elaborated to include additional information and the result is that users are able to obtain an easily accessible and solid outline of information on their entry of choice. Each entry that describes a building or site includes basic information on the particular site (address, authors/architects, heritage status, etc.), a brief outline of the site’s structural history to date, along with a description of the technology or production connected with the site, relevant literature, and illustrations. The entries are linked through an index that contains profiles of firms and in some cases also institutions and important figures (architects, builders, industrialists, entrepreneurs, experts in technology, inventors, teachers, etc.).

The textbook is intended to serve the needs of students in all fields of technology, but is especially aimed at the students at the Faculty of Architecture and the Faculty of Civil Engineering. Emphasis is consequently placed on the structural aspects of sites, and the profiles of important figures are primarily associated with industrial and technical structures. The textbook also serves as a unique guidebook to the City of Prague, and in reference to the technological and industrial developments that took place in the city over time it facilitates an understanding of the city’s urban development. The textbook also larges serves as a source of information for the practical decision-making relating to the future transformations of the various parts of the City of Prague and the changes introduced within them and often also in reference to the conversion of abandoned industrial sites.

This interdisciplinary project arose with the support of a grant from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport within the framework of the development programmes for creating multimedia educational aids. The project is run by the Research Centre for Industrial Heritage CTU. The electronic form of the textbook involved the participation of a team of specialists from CTU Publishers – the Centre for Educational Support.

Interwar Industrial Architecture in Czechoslovakia

The Book of Building 2005 presents the results to data of the research project on Interwar Industrial Architecture in Czechoslovakia, which has been carried out at the Research Centre for Industrial Heritage at the Czech Technical University in Prague (VCPD) since 2003.

From the perspective of the study of industrial heritage the research focused on a very well-known but as yet seriously neglected period – from the time of the emergence of the independent Czechoslovak state up until the Second World War. In a European context, however, the national heritage of this period is of exceptional cultural, technological, and economic quality.

The research concentrated first on gathering documentation and building a database (register) recording the individual industrial and technological works dating fromthe interwar period. At the present time the database contains approximately one thousand such buildings and sites. For selected sites and buildings separate building passports have also been drawn up.

The results of the research were summarised at a professional conference that took place in October 2004 and was held at the Stable in the Nostitz Palace in Prague. The Research Centre for Industrial Heritage (VCPD) organised the conference in cooperation with the Faculty of Architecture and the Czech National Committee of ICOMOS. Prominent professionals in the field, historians, and practising architects were invited to present papers. The aim of the conference was not only to present the results of the research but also to formulate more general criteria for facilitating the evaluation of the historical, artistic, and technological significance of such sites, which to date have been assessed using varied criteria. The event was accompanied by an exhibition of several dozen posters of interwar industrial buildins.

The Book of Building 2005 consists of two parts, the first of which offers a summary of the papers presented at the conference, which have been partly elaborated and up-dated. The texts address the general definition of the subject, the political and economic standing of interwar Czechoslovakia (Benjamin Fragner, Oldřich Ševčík, Marcela Efmertová), the relationship to developments outside the country, and the influence of industrial buildings on functionalist architecture (Petr Urlich, Rostislav Švácha, Lenka Popelová), and they also examine new structures and typologies (Václav Jandáček, Petr Vorlík) and current examples of conversions of sites (Ladislav Lábus), and finally they also document significant and less well-known industrial sites and buildings (Zdeněk Lukeš, Ladislava Horňáková, Martin Strakoš, Pavel Domanický, Katarína Fajglová).
The second part of the book is comprised of a unique, to date unpublicised overview of sites of industrial architecture dating from the interwar period in Czechoslovakia, which contains approximately 150 entries classified according to particular sectors. This overview is accompanied by a more detailed, two-page entry – with printed replica of the exhibition posters.

It is clear that the discussions surrounding the significance and values of industrial heritage are complicated and unclear and are so not only with regard to works from the twentieth century, and it is necessary to pursue them further. It is only possible to come across sporadic mention of industrial architecture at risk dating from the interwar period, although other works from the same period, especially residential and public buildings – whose authors drew directly on the inspiration offered by technology and industry – are attended by admiration and recognition. The evaluation criteria for these buildings also remain disparate, even though today such criteria are desperately needed for making decisions on the future and fate of sites, their conversion to new use, and new structural modifications. The published results of the research are only one part of the efforts of the VCPD to assist in the conservation and objective evaluation of industrial sites – a significant part of our cultural heritage.

The project coordinators are: Petr Urlich, Benjamin Fragner, Petr Vorlík, Lenka Popelová, Vladislava Valchářová, specialists and professionals from the National Technical Museum and the regional heritage institutes, and teachers and students of ČVUT.

 

Vladislava Valchářová (ed.), Interwar Industrial Architecture in Czechoslovakia, Brno 2005.

223 pages; Czech; ISBN 80-7293-137-7 / authors Lukáš Beran, Pavel Domanický, Marcela Efmertová, Katarína Fajglová, Benjamin Fragner,  Ladislava Horňáková, Václav Jandáček, Ladislav Lábus, Zdeněk Lukeš, Lenka Popelová, Martin Strakoš, Oldřich Ševčík, Rostislav Švácha, Petr Urlich, Petr Vorlík / published by the Expo Data spol. s r. o.

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Vestiges of Industry: Twelve Sites at Risk

The book presents twelve sites at risk and it was prepared by the Research Centre for Industrial Heritage CTU Prague (VCPD) as a part of 2nd biennal Vestiges of Industry.

 

Vladislava Valchářová (ed.), Vestiges of Industry. Twelve Sites at Risk, Prague 2003.

49 pages; Czech, English Introduction; ISBN 80-260-2159-2 / editorial Benjamin Fragner / translation Robin Cassling / grahnic design Adam B. Bartoš / print Tiskárna GTA / published by the Research Centre for Industrial Heritage CTU Prague

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